Public controversy has been sparked by a Colombian Supreme Court order for the release of a former peace negotiator for FARC, the rebel group that became a political party. He was arrested in 2018 on a United States drug charge and the US has been demanding his extradition. Local journalist Gerald Bermudez reports.
”Today, we’re witnessing a miracle! In a global context of tension and hatred, a Muslim country is welcoming Jews from all over the world for their annual celebration – and this during Ramadan.”
That’s how Gabriel Cabla, one of the organisers of this year’s pilgrimage to Ghriba, home to Africa’s oldest synagogue, describes the event on the Tunisian island of Djerba.
About 1,500 Jews live in Djerba. For centuries, Ghriba has been one of 20 places on the island where Jews gather to pray. Every May, thousands of people (this year almost 7,000) come for about a week. Most, but by no means all, are pilgrims.
There are religious rituals but the overall atmosphere is one of festivity and music, as people of different religions celebrate a message of peace and belonging. In mid-week, on Wednesday, some 5,000 people of different beliefs took part in a huge Iftar meal, when Muslims end their daily holy month fast at sunset.
One participant, Moshei, a Jewish man from Tunisia who has lived in France for 40 years, told me: “To be back in my home country and make the pilgrimage gives me renewed energy.”
The Ethiopian government has introduced nationwide electricity restrictions because of the low water level in the lake formed by the huge Gibe III hydroelectric dam.
The Ministry of Water, Irrigation and Electricity attributes the water shortage to unusually poor rainfall. Ethiopia is heavily dependent on hydroelectricity and barely invests in wind or solar power.
The power cuts represent a heavy blow to the economy. All factories except those producing cement have been instructed to reduce production in order to cut electricity demand. Electricity exports worth US$82 million a year have been jeopardised: supplies to Sudan have been put on hold and supplies to Djibouti halved.
The state electricity authority announced that the impact of power cuts are spread equally around the country, with each area suffering cuts of five hours a day. But some areas report that the power disappears for up to two days and then returns only sporadically for a few hours.
Blen Girma, who lives in the capital, Addis Ababa, tells me, “We haven’t had electricity for over twelve hours.”
A group of men are gathered at the crossing in Capricorn Square, in Cape Town’s Marina Da Gama suburb. They are frustrated, waiting for work. They have been here since morning, and now it’s mid-afternoon and none of the 25 men has been offered work.
“We sat here before the [May] elections and if you come back in five years you’ll still see us here”, says a young man with dreadlocks.
A week after the election, the South African statistics authority presented figures which showed that 10 million people in a population of 57 million were unemployed. And 237,000 people lost their jobs in the first quarter of this year.
During the campaign, President Cyril Ramaphosa, the leader of the ruling African National Congress, promised to create more than 250,000 jobs every year by modernising sectors of the economy that had potential for growth and jobs. There are widespread doubts about his ability to fulfil his promise.
Because South Africa’s economy – second in size in Africa only to Nigeria’s – attracts migrants, as does its relative political stability, hostility to job-seekers from other countries has been rising. Occasionally, hostility erupts into violence.
“We’re not safe here,” a Malawian told me. “We’re always looking over our shoulder and many people warned us before the elections that people would beat us up if the ANC won.”
On the busy street in front of Senegal’s biggest university, Cheikh Anta Diop, scores of cattle mooch around. And that’s not from the only place they inhabit. Most residents of Dakar have stories to tell about how they’ve been in danger, as pedestrians or drivers, because of the wandering animals. But the traffic police look the other way. ”It comes down to a lack of responsibility from the owners,” says Ibrahima, a civil servant as he surveys the scene. “But the politicians should also do something about it,” he adds.
He is often forced to slam on the brakes to avoid colliding with the roaming cattle on the VDN, one of the capital’s main roads to the university, where we are meeting. The owners of the animals are difficult to trace and talk to, but most Dakar residents think that the problem has worsened by the growth of the city: the green spaces where the animals once grazed are rapidly disappearing as the owners of every plot of land cash in on their asset. In his first speech to the nation after the February election, the president mentioned the need to “clean the streets”. A first stab at action followed on the night of 23 April. But where the animals were supposed to go has not been specified. So they continue to clog the roads.
For decades during Ramadan – the month Muslims fast, pray and reflect – cafés and restaurants in Tunisia have been forced to stay shut in the daytime. The bars are completely closed – and every year the locked doors provoke the same controversy.
Religious freedom has been enshrined in the constitution since 2014, but in a country where about 98 per cent of the 12 million population are Muslim, those who do not fast are singled out. The police say they are following orders by making sure eating establishments are shut. Since the police can turn up at any time and force the owners to close, those who want stay open often increase their prices, to compensate for the risks of a raid during Ramadan.
This year, about a week before the start of Ramadan in early May, a closed group #Fater (non-fasting), started on Facebook. Members of the group share addresses of places you can eat during the day and how much they cost.
#Fater group member Akram (who doesn’t want his surname featured for fear of being attacked for failing to fast) says, “Tunisia is often portrayed as the most modern country in the Arab world and a role model when it comes to democracy and freedom. But that’s not true when it comes to freedom of religion. With what right are they forcing me to fast – am I not free to choose? During Ramadan I don’t recognise my free, open, and tolerant country.”
A graveyard in Juba has become a refuge for some of the four million people displaced by five years of conflict in South Sudan.
“I’ve been a neighbour of the dead for five years now,” says Raymond Modi, one of about 8,000 people who have taken up residence in St Mary’s church cemetery in the suburb of Kony-Konyo.
Many live in flimsy tents and most are from the Terekeka province, where violence erupted two years after South Sudan’s independence from Sudan in 2011.
The situation in the graveyard is desperate – people survive by begging and by eating food rejected by others. There’s a lack of medicine, clothing and shoes.
But the cemetery is still safer than the villages from which they fled, where ethnic and political rivalries have led to the kidnapping of children and the theft of cattle, a vital source of livelihood. Having run for their lives they have no income that would enable them to afford to rent accommodation.
People visiting their dead relatives are understanding about the plight of the graveyard’s living residents. And the displaced people – well, they seem to have grown accustomed to their situation.
“It’s become a part of my life,” says Modi. “I eat with the dead by throwing some of my food and drink on the ground. I believe it pleases them.”
Motorbikes and cars waiting in long queues for increasingly scarce petrol have become a common sight in Port-au-Prince in recent weeks. Hundreds of vendors approach waiting vehicles with yellow petrol cans. Fights sometimes break out over who gets to sell or buy first.
This fuel crisis is damaging the economy. Thousands of children can’t get to school, many employees fail to get to work and businesses are badly hit: “Our clients can’t get anywhere and sales are down in all sectors”, complains businessman Réginald Boulos.
He and many others are forced to turn to the black market, where a gallon of petrol sells for 500 gourdes (about US$5.9), or about 250 per cent more than the price at the pump – if the pump wasn’t empty.
Haiti has stopped receiving cheap oil from Venezuela, which is struggling with its own economic and political crisis. To make matters worse, a waiting oil tanker has refused to unload until the government pays some of the US$60 million owed for previous deliveries.
Fuel price increases affect almost all Haitians and it feels as though the country could erupt at any moment.
Article published in Göteborgsposten 6 April 2019 By Jean Pierre Bucyensenge
Rwanda. John Giranza was brutally beaten, with broken bones and a cracked head. He lost 38 members of his family and was hospitalised for six years. ”It’s a miracle I survived”, he says.
Today, he is married to the daughter of one of the murderers.
It was in April 1994 that all hell broke loose in Rwanda. The Hutu militia, called Interhamwe, armed themselves with machetes and other weapons and then started killing people all over the country, with the support of police and military. Interahamwe was driven by an extremist ideology whose flames had been fanned by officials in the Hutu led government. The UN estimate that around one million people were killed during the 100 days of the genocide between april and june 1994.
”The perpetrators were mainly people who we knew and lived side by side with” says John Giraneza, who was 20 years old at the time of the Genocide.
Senegal’s constitutional council ruled in early March that President Macky Sall was re-elected with 58 per cent of the vote – but opposition groups and other critics say they neither acknowledge the result nor will appeal against it. They’ve already moved on, says local journalist Ngoundji Dieng in Dakar.
Instead, controversy centres on the arrests of activists who supported runner-up and former prime minister Idrissa Seck, who received 21 per cent of the vote.
The security chief of Seck’s party, Rewmi (The Country), was arrested for encouraging people to oppose the result in the event of a first-round victory for Sall. He was subsequently released under legal supervision, which Rewmi claims is part of a witch-hunt against party activists. An unconfirmed number of people have received conditional sentences for disturbing public order.
While the election result passed unnoticed, this is something that engages the people on the streets. Many have condemned the actions and called for dialogue and calmness.
“I don’t see the point of these arrests. Macky Sall won by a large number, so why fan the flames?” says Ngouda Fall in a conversation with friends.
The Himalayas are home to ten of the world’s 14 mountains above 8,000 metres. But how high will the peaks be in 80 years?
According to a new report by two mountain monitoring organisations (ICIMOD and HIMAP), two-thirds of Himalayan ice will disappear by 2100 if global warming continues unchecked.
Nepal is directly affected by this and other changes in the mountain environment. Climate change has been affecting the Himalayas for years through receding glaciers, water problems, migration to lowlands and increased weather extremes. But the report released in the capital, Kathmandu, in March secured scarcely a mention in the country’s media: the people hit hardest by the impact of these destabilising changes have little knowledge of why their living conditions are changing so quickly.
Mani Nepal, an economist with the Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics, agrees that “media have an important role to play in raising awareness”.
Other environmental activists agree: it’s time to shout about it from the mountain tops.
Article published in Svenska Dagbladet, from the series Hon jobbar för dig (She works for you) 17 December 2018 By Kimani Chege
Photos: Brian Otieno
Kenya. It is hard and difficult work. Anne Aketch is one of the workers cutting roses for the European market. She hopes that her children won’t have to work on the flower plantation – and she shudders at the thought of Valentine’s Day.
Article published in Syre 4 December 2018 By Rina Saeed Khan
At a glance, a former mining town in the heart of Poland’s coal district might seem a strange place for UN’s climate change conference. The coal mine Wujek and the coal museum are only a few kilometres from the city centre. But Katowice is moving away from its dirty past, to rise as a clean and green city.
Article published in Svenska Dagbladet, from the series Hon jobbar för dig (She works for you) 17 December 2018 By Constanza Bruno Solera
Photos: Gerald Bermudez
Colombia. It wasn’t until after her divorce that Emilse Naranjo was recognised for her coffee. Today she makes a relatively good living selling her beans to Europe.
“Making good coffee requires, patience, care, and love. It’s like making a nice soup”, she says.
A curious form bobs its snout among cargo ships on the river Rupsha in Khulna in southwestern Bangladesh. It’s a boat shaped as a River Dolphin, fashioned out of palms from the world’s largest mangrove forest, the nearby Sundarbans. The craft was made to dramatise the importance of dolphin conservation to people in the wetlands.
The globally endangered River Dolphin – shushuk in Bangla – is under threat from overfishing, entanglement in nets, and increasing pollution caused by uncontrolled development. The latter has also made it difficult for fisherfolk to earn their living. Livelihoods and dolphins are both at risk, and conservationists believe local people can play a crucial role in saving the dolphin.
The boat acts as a gallery for exhibiting photographs of dolphins, as a makeshift stage for puppeteers, and as an arts and crafts classroom. The chance to paint and make attracts villagers otherwise weary of NGO workers coming from the cities to “teach” them how to lead their lives.
Article published in Svenska Dagbladet, from the series Hon jobbar för dig (She works for you) 16 December 2018 By Sushmita Preetha
Photos: Taslima Akhter
Your jeans might be made by Sharmin Akhter. Her wages support her entire family – including her husband. From entering the factory as a curious 12-year-old, she’s now a tired 35-year-old who sews clothes for famous fashion brands and desperately longs for some rest.
The country of magical realism is also the country of pluralism. There are a mix of ethnicities here: native, black, white, mestizo, and romani. But Colombians identify more with the region they’re from, like costeños (those from the coast), paisas (from the mountains) or rolos (from the capital Bógota and the inner parts of the country). Each group speaks with its own accent and has its own customs.
With its shanty towns and unplanned growth, Port-au-Prince gives a chaotic impression. The lack of urban planning is one of the city’s major flaws.
That’s why the theme for the Haitian and foreign artists taking part in the third graffiti festival Festi-Graffiti was “The resurrection of the public space”.
In Haiti, graffiti mainly expresses political views. During the dictatorship in 1957-1986, the lack of freedom of speech made graffiti a way of shocking those in power and criticising society – a tradition that is still alive, especially during elections.
Some artists in the graffiti festival highlighted the recent and increasingly loud demand for transparency in government spending. But above all, the artists were given the opportunity of conveying their aesthetic visions for the city.
“We want to turn graffiti into an art form just like any other, and show that it’s about more than just criticising or flattering politicians”, said Widler Resonance, chairman of the collective for urban and modern art.
When we woke on 27 November, Kathmandu had changed overnight: every street light pole and advertising space featured the face of Prime Minister K P Oli. “A new era begins” proclaimed the posters promoting a new social security scheme.
Social media was soon flooded with ironic memes about the new era. Critics attacked the publicity campaign’s huge expense and the showy display that took the focus away from the scheme itself.
Many journalists and political scientists are also concerned about this and other signs of megalomania. The communist government has recently passed laws that criminalise aspects of investigative journalism, photography and satire, and strengthen actions against slander and libel. The message is clear: the government will take no criticism.
The PM’s speech at the inauguration of the scheme was explicit about the intention to control. “For those who say they do not see the government’s presence, do you still not see it? If you don’t, you won’t have to wear spectacles to do so. In future you will be forced to see it, whether or not you want to!”
/Sewa Bhattarai, Kathmandu.
The postcards by journalists in our network are published on the Blank Spot Project website.
Article published in Göteborgsposten 27 August 2018 By Rina Saeed Khan
Photos: Muhammad Furqan
Pakistan. In Lahore, many women are scared of using public transport because of sexual harassment. The organisation Environment Protection Foundation is trying to counteract this by an initiative in which women are trained to drive rickshaws.
Ghulam Fatima, a widow, says the decision to drive a rickshaw is the best she has ever made.
“I’m so happy to no longer have to rely on my inlaws to support my children. I used to not even be able to ride a bike, and now I’m driving my own vehicle around Lahore!”
Abidjan, the economic capital of Ivory Coast, is recognised for its grand buildings and its business district. But Adjamé market, the biggest in the country,looks rather chaotic, with vendors occupying the pavements because they claim renting a shop in the market is too expensive and that pavement pitches attract more customers.
The authorities want to banish the vendors, arguing that the streets should be kept clear for traffic and emergency vehicles and that street stalls detract from the modern urban image the administration wants to cultivate. They try to impose order, even resorting to the use of bulldozers. Pavement stallholders can only stand and watch as their displays are crushed, but those who have placed their wares on a blanket can quickly scoop tjhem all up when the crawler trundles towards them.
A few days later, the blankets and stalls are back in the same spot, and the next round begins in the battle of Adjamé .
On a recent sunny Sunday afternoon, I attended ‘Take Tea Together’ (TTT), an initiative organised by Salaam Junub (‘Peace South Sudan’) to counteract hate speech and negative tribalism.
Struggling against these tendencies is really needed in South Sudan, where warring parties in the civil war have deliberately played on and exacerbated tribal differences. Members of the Nuer group in President Salva Kiir’s administration have been labelled ‘Nuer wew’ – betrayers and sycophants. In Juba, the country’s majority tribe, the Dinka, is referred to as ‘MTN’ – a play on the slogan of the giant South African company Mobile Telephone Network: “Everywhere you go”. The Dinkas are traditionally nomads but today are also scattered around the country partly because of the persistent conflict.
Such epithets may sound harmless, but in South Sudan’s tense political atmosphere they fan the flames of conflict by inciting difference, dislike, animosity and hatred. Tribal affiliation has become key to getting a job: Dinka, Nuer or Equaotoria people can’t work in a state outside their state of origin.
The recently signed peace agreement gives some hope. Political reconciliation is the goal. The question is whether ethnic harmony will follow.
Article published in Göteborgsposten 7 October 2018 By Arison Tamfu
Photos: Rodrigue Mbock
Cameroon. Paul Biya, Cameroon’s president, almost holds the world record for time in office. Today, Sunday, he’s likely to be given another seven years. But the country is increasingly divided. Separatists have declared independence in the English-speaking parts of the country, and violence is escalating.
Article published in IcaNyheter 29 September 2018 By Kimani Chege
Kenya. Thousands of people flocked to the opening of the shopping centre Two Rivers Mall in the Nairobi suburb of Gigiri just over a year ago. Many diplomats live in the suburb and the most prominent stop and the bait for new visitors was Carrefour, in the heart of the shopping centre.
Article published in Svenska Dagbladet, from the series Äta tillsammans (Eating Together) 13 July 2018 By Jorge Riveros-Cayo
Photos: Yayo Lopez
Lima. The single mother Vanadis Phumpiú is one of Peru’s leading cacao experts, and her job means that she spends a lot of time travelling in various south american countries.
“Work means I have to be away from home at least two weeks per month”, she explains. “Every chance I get to eat with my daughters is holy. I cook their favourite dishes, and fun food like homemade pizza and tacos. As they eat lunch in school during the weeks, dinner becomes a way for me to show love”, says Vanadis who is divorced from her children’s Canadian father.
Article published in Fönstret #3, 2018 By Rina Saeed Khan
Pakistan. Less consideration is being shown in Pakistan to the Islamists who have been trying to stop everything from book fairs to kite-flying. Rina Saeed Khan writes about her often criticised country.
Article published in Populär Arkeologi September 2018 By Rina Saeed Khan
Photos: Muhammad Furqan
The World Heritage Site Taxila valley under threat. In the Taxila valley in Pakistan, the many historical sites have survived flooding, earthquakes and looting. But now, they’re threatened by thousand quarries.
Article published in Ottar 29 September 2018 By Sushmita Preetha
Three years ago, the activists of Boys of Bangladesh launched Dhee – the country’s first graphic novel that explores sexuality and love beyond the norm. For security reasons the movement went underground after the murders of two gay activists and journalists in April 2016, but the group are now continuing their work.
Article published in Svenska Dagbladet, from the series Äta tillsammans (Eating together) 8 July 2018 By Armsfree Ajanaku
Photos: Rahima Gambo
Nigeria. Adebayo Abejide, a radio station engineer, lives with his family in a suburb of the capital Abuja. As he often gets stuck in traffic on his work commute he is usually home too late to have dinner with his family.
“All of us are away from home many hours a day. From morning until evening, me, my wife, and my children are apart and mainly speak on the phone. Only occasionally do we manage to eat together at the weekends, but that too can be difficult since my wife is studying for a master and doesn’t always have her weekends off”, says Adebayo.
Article published in Svenska Dagbladet, from the series Äta tillsammans (Eating Together) 16 July 2018 By Bhrikuti Rai
Photos: Bikram Rai
Nepal. Thirty year old marketing manager Yukti Pant lives in Kathmandu with her parents and grandmother. Traditionally the family are strict vegetarians, but Yukti got a taste for meat when she was visiting relatives, and often eats out with friends so that she can choose a meat dish.
“Grandma is so strict with her traditional customs. That she accepted egg to be cooked in her kitchen was really surprising”, says Yukti.
Bolivia. The cultural life in Bolivia’s two biggest cities depicts a modern country full of ambition, yet deeply anchored in history, religion, and cultural identity.
It is 850 kilometers between the financial hub of Santa Cruz and the political capital La Paz, a journey that starts in a tropical climate and ends in the Andes, 3 900 metres above sea level. Continue reading Vibrant culture on the streets of Bolivia→
Article published in Market 15 August 2018 By Rina Saeed Khan
Islamabad. Ikea is hugely popular in South Asia. In Hyderabad, India, 40 000 people flooded in when the furniture giant first opened its doors there last week. In neighbouring Pakistan, shops deal with their own imports – and Ikea signs.
-I love Ikea products, especially things like storage boxes and kids’ furniture. But this shop that sells their things is way too expensive, says Uzma Khan, mother of three in Pakistan’s capital Islamabad.
Article published in Göteborgsposten 30 July 2018 By Farai Mutsaka
Photos: Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi
Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe is preparing for a historical election. For the first time, the inhabitants in the once flourishing country to vote without Robert Mugabe’s name on the ballot.
In November last year – during his 38th year in power – the ageing ex president was forced to leave his seat after strong pressure from the military, the own party Zanu-PF, and the general public.
Article published in Fönstret #3 2017 By Bhrikuti Rai
Nepal. Journalist Bhrikuti Rai tells us about her country Nepal, which up until the 1960’s was cut off from the rest of the world. The capital, Kathmandu, was long considered a mystical place, a Shangri-La. Continue reading Nepal – welcoming mystique→
Article published in Göteborgsposten 23 July 2018 By Rina Saeed Khan
Photos: Muhammad Furqan
Pakistan. Pakistan’s former Prime Minister was recently imprisoned following a corruption scandal. A cricket star can become the new leader. GP reports from the fragile democracy preparing for elections.
The Philippines. The news agency Rappler fights against explicit threats from the country’s president Rodrigo Duerte, and increasingly far-reaching attempts to silence them and make it impossible to work. The news agency is mainly run by women, and sexist attacks and threats are an everyday occurrence for the journalists.
Threats of rape, gang rape and murder is common for Pia Ranada, one of the agency’s journalists.
“Many of the threats and insults are personal, and the sexual threats are often visual. Some people find old photographs and use them to make ‘memes’ of me or to post insulting comments”, Ranada says.
Article published in Göteborgsposten 21 April 2018 By Daniel Majack
Photos: Chol Mayak
South Sudan. The conflict in South Sudan – the youngest country in the world – is in its fifth year, and the humanitarian crisis has both intensified and expanded to unbelievable proportions.
In one of the world’s worst – and simultaneously least known – humanitarian disasters, two million people have fled abroad. They have fled mainly to the neighbouring countries Uganda (one million), Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya. The same amount of people have been forced to leave their homes but are refugees within the country’s borders.
The refugees are predominantly women and children, according to the UN. The men have been swallowed up by the conflict between government forces and the armed opposition. Some have been killed; others are actively at war. Women and children have been left to flee the violence.
Article published in Svenska Dagbladet 11 April 2018 By Farai Mutsaka
Photos: Tsvangirayi Mukwazhi
Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe has not one, but ten different currencies – and currency chaos rules the country. The days of hyperinflation might be over, but the new president Emmerson Mnangagwa, who succeeded Mugabe this autumn, has a difficult challenge in sorting out the economy.
Outside the bank Cabs in Harare, the queue is over a kilometre. Many have brought blankets to keep warm, having spent the night. To prevent fights, security guards have given queue tickets to the first 50 people.
“The rest of you will have to see if there is cash left when you arrive” he shouts dismissively.
Article published in Göteborgsposten 8 March 2018 By Purple Romero
The Philippines. The first time Jona’s husband hit her they had been married for eleven years. Soon the abuse became a routine, and when he started hitting the children too Jona chose to escape. But she is still married to him – the Philippines is one of only two countries in the world that does not allow divorces.
“I feel like a prisoner in this marriage”, says Jona. “I want to get a divorce but I can’t, as it’s not allowed. They say that matrimony is holy, but don’t they care about those of us who are suffering?”
The resistance comes mainly from the catholic church, which has considerable power over public opinion.The Catholic Bishops Conference of the Philippines (CBCP) have tirelessly opposed the attempts of legalising divorce, as they believe it would be “against family and against matrimony”. All attempts have either failed or fizzled out as the legislators don’t want to lose the support of the influential catholic bishops.
Article published in Göteborgsposten 15 October 2017 By Kimani Chege
Photos: Migwa Nthiga
Nairobi. Lately, shipping containers have revolutionised business in Kenya. The containers are renovated and put to new uses, such as shops, offices and homes. They are appreciated for their safety, their relatively low cost and for being reasonably easy to move.
Josphat Mwangi who sells food and household items in a refurbished container appreciates the location right behind a police station, as well as the durability. Nobody can break in, because the shipping container is made from such sturdy materials, he says.
Article published in Svenska Dagbladet 4 September 2017 By Rina Saeed Khan Photos: Muhammad Furqan
Islamabad. Over 200 people have died in suicide attacks on sufi shrines in Pakistan. The Taliban view Sufism, the mystical interpretation of Islam, as heresy and want to eradicate their way of living.
The Bari Imam temple outside of Islamabad is an important sanctuary for first and foremost sufists. 12 years ago, the temple was attacked by a suicide bomber and around 25 people were killed. The attack was the first in a string of attacks on sufi shrines. According to Center for Islamic Research Collaboration and Learning, at least 209 people have been killed and 560 injured in 29 terrorist attacks on shrines for sufi saints in Pakistan.
The last attack, in February this year, was the deadliest yet. Over 80 people lost their lives in a suicide attack in the 800 year old Shahbaz Qalandar shrine in south Pakistan, where Christians, Sikhs and Hindus also go on pilgrimage.
Article published in Göteborgsposten 28 augusti 2017 By Rocio Lloret
Bolivia. In March this year, 12-year old Eva Vega Quino starved to death in the small room – previously a toilet – that she shared with her parents and five siblings. Her death shook the entire nation and made the extreme poverty many Bolivians live in visible.
“When she died we hadn’t had anything to eat for two weeks”, says Eva’s half brother Alan Quino. Alan is 19 years old, but only weighs 45 kilos and does not look older than 14.
The family lives in El Alto, close to the capital of La Paz, in a house given to the family by the state after Eva’s death.
El Alto has thousands of migrants from the countryside, and three of its districts suffer extreme poverty. According to UNICEF, 46 percent of the children in the poorest part of the population are malnourished.
Article published in Göteborgsposten 24 August 2017 By Kimani Chege
Photos: Migwa Nthiga
Kenya. Kenya is one of the countries in the world with high mortality rates for women and children. Although the situation has steadily improved since 2004, still 510 of 100 000 women die in childbirth, according to the UN.
Grace Gathigia luckily wasn’t among them. She became a mother six weeks ago.
“It’s not easy being pregnant in an informal settlement. I’m glad I survived and gave birth to a healthy child in a clinic, and then received continuous care from local health care workers. Some of the women pregnant at the same time as me lost their children during pregnancy, or shortly thereafter”, she says.
Article published in Fönstret 15 May 2017 By Sushmita Preetha
Photos: Taslima Akhter
Bangladesh. Renu Begum started working in a sweatshop in Dhaka as a twelve year old, and barely remembers what her life looked like before then. She is a widow and the sole provider for her children, so she works as much as she can but on her meagre salary it is difficult to make ends meet. She has to work overtime every day.
The working days are long. Renu knows she sews clothes for many different brands but cannot read the labels. However, she can read the price tags and is amazed by how the clothes can be so expensive when her salary is so low?
Article published in Göteborgsposten 29 January 2017 By Nesma Nowar
Photos: Heba Adel
Egypt. A study made by UN Women and Egypt’s National Council for Women in 2013 showed that 99,3 percent of women have experienced some sort of sexual harassment in public places.
Sarah Salah, a 19-year old student, says that she daily gets sexually harassed, either on public transport or on her walk from the bus station to the university.
“I can’t handle this daily stress anymore”, she says. “It’s common that men on the crowded bus use the lack of space as an excuse to shamelessly touch intimate parts of my body.”
Sarah is scared to tell her parents about her experiences because she is worried they would stop her from going to University. Although sexual harassment happens to women across the Egyptian society, those on a lower income are more vulnerable because they rely on public transport.
“These women are often forced to stay at home because the family sees it as a way of protecting them”, says Nevine Ebeid from the women’s rights organisation New Woman Foundation. “The message from society is that women have no place in the public realm.”
Chronicle published in Journalisten 4 January 2017 By Arison Tamfu
Cameroon. Cameroon’s president Paul Biya, 83, has occupied his post for 34 years and is one of most Africa’s long-lived rulers. At the beginning of 2008 he announced that he wanted to modify the constitution, implicitly securing his power hold for life. Masses of Cameroonians took to the streets to protest.
I was working at the privately owned Equinoxe Television (ETV) – one of the most popular TV channels in the country – and on February 25 I was meant to interview the leader of the opposition, Fru Ndi, about the suggested changes to the constitution.
I had barely started the interview before armed police stormed the studio and ordered the interview to stop and the TV channel to be shut down. A few weeks later, the constitution was changed to the president’s advantage.
Article published in Omvärlden 23 November 2016 By Rahmina Gambo
Nigeria. 47-year old Samuel Oruruo likes to cook and does not boss his wife around, something that has made many people in his surroundings question his manliness. The patriarchal structures in Nigeria are strong, but things are starting to change, he says.
“I was raised differently from how most Nigerian men are raised. I have five brothers and four sisters, and my mother didn’t treat us differently when it came to household chores; on the contrary she pushed me and my brothers to cook and clean.
In those days I didn’t understand why my mother would do that. I hated household chores, I wanted to hang out with my friends. But with time, I’ve come to realise that she wanted us to grow up to become responsible and capable of doing everything, regardless of our gender.”
Samuel says that when he got married, his in-laws and other relatives thought that he was not masculine enough, as he was not opposed to household chores. It is often women who are his loudest critics, he adds.
Article published in Omvärlden 22 November 2016 By Bhrikuti Rai
Photos: Bikram Rai
Nepal. Sabin Singh tries to break old patriarchal patterns by talking to boys and men about menstruation. Women who menstruate are often seen as unclean, and in more traditional areas they can be forced to sleep in cow manure, he says.
“I was first introduced to ideas that question traditional gender roles in Nepal when I was a teenager. In an after school club in the neighbourhood, games were based on themes related to gender roles and the importance of gender equality. Since then, I’ve participated in several programs and projects that aim to encourage gender equality at home and at the workplace. Currently I’m working with the popular Nepalese radio show ‘Saathi Sanga Manka Kura’ (in English: ‘Chatting to my best friend’) which discusses topics about growing up and becoming an adult. Gender roles is a recurring theme.”